What is a Roth IRA conversion?
A Roth IRA conversion is a reportable movement of assets from a traditional/SEP/SIMPLE IRA to a Roth IRA.
What are the tax implications of my Roth IRA conversion?
All or a portion of the amount you converted may be taxable to you in the year of your Roth IRA conversion. Conversions are generally taxable in the year the distribution occurred. Use IRS Form 8606 to determine your taxable amount.
What tax forms should I receive related to my Roth IRA conversion?
You should receive Form 1099-R for the distributing traditional/SEP/SIMPLE IRA and Form 5498 for the receiving Roth IRA.
What if I completed a Roth conversion/qualified rollover contribution this calendar year and now realize I want to reverse it?
Effective for conversions after December 31, 2017, a Roth IRA conversion or qualified rollover contribution cannot be reversed or recharacterized back to the traditional IRA.
Can I recharacterize a traditional or Roth IRA contribution?
Yes. If you made contributions to a traditional or Roth IRA, a recharacterization changes the nature of the contributions. You should report the contributions as if they had been originally made to the IRA to which the contributions were moved. A recharacterization is a trustee-to-trustee transfer of the original contribution plus any related earnings.
What is the deadline for completing a recharacterization?
You have until the due date for filing your tax return, including extensions, to recharacterize a contribution. In addition, the IRS allows an automatic six-month extension to elect to recharacterize.
Note: If you recharacterize a contribution made in the previous calendar year, it impacts your tax return even though the recharacterization activity will be reported on the next year's Form 1099-R. You may need to file an amended return if you have already filed your tax return for that year.
How are recharacterizations reported on Forms 1099-R and 5498?
The Roth IRA custodian reports the recharacterization distribution on Form 1099-R, and the traditional IRA custodian reports the same amount on Form 5498.
Can a distribution from my company retirement plan go into a Roth IRA?
There are two ways a distribution from your company retirement plan/403(b) plan/governmental 457 plan can be moved to a Roth IRA:
- You can move the distribution directly to a Roth IRA. This type of conversion is referred to as a "qualified rollover contribution."
- You can roll over the distribution to a traditional IRA and then convert the traditional IRA to a Roth IRA.